Home Page
mmmmmmmmmm
 
 

Alien invasive species: Fact sheets
Plants Animals 

These fact sheets are meant to provide the public not just an indication of species established in Brazil as invasives, but also information on their origin, ecological features, distribution, known occurrences, impacts and methods of control that have been used in different places on the planet.

This section is permanently growing, since fact sheets are written as more species are registered in the invasive species national survey. We need more collaborators who can produce fact sheets of these invasive species, and also to produce English and Spanish versions. If you wish to cooperate with us, please contact Rodrigo at secretaria@institutohorus.org.br.

Plants

Shrubs
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. - Sweet acacia
Acacia podalyriifolia A. Cunningham ex G. Don. - Queensland silver wattle
Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br. - Calotrope
Calotropis procera (Ait.) R.Br. - Algodão-de-seda
Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker-Gawl. - Dracena
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) P. Mill. - Indian fig
Ricinus communis L. - Castor oil plant
Spartium junceum L. - Spanish broom
Ulex europaeus L. - Gorse
Urena lobata L.- Aramina
Trees
Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. ex Benth. - Papuan wattle
Acacia longifolia (Andrews) Willd - Sallow wattle
Acacia mangium Willd. - Forest mangrove
Acacia mearnsii De Wild - Black wattle (Versión en español)
Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd. - Nogueira-de-iguape
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. - Jackfruit
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. - Neem (Versión en español)
Casuarina equisetifolia L. - Australian pine (Versión en español)
Citrus aurantium L. - Limão-cravo
Citrus limon (L.) Burm. f. - Sour orange
Coffea arabica L. - Arabian coffee
Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. - Vassoura-vermelha
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl. - Japanese medlar
Eucalyptus sp. L'Hér - Gum tree (Versión en español)
Eucalyptus robusta Sm. - Eucalipto
Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. ex R. Br - Silk oak
Hovenia dulcis Thunb. - Japanese cherry
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) R. de Wit. - Leucaena
Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. - Tree privet (Versión en español)
Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton. - Tree privet
Ligustrum vulgare L. - Tree privet
Mangifera indica L. - Mangueira
Melia azedarach L. - China berry (Versión en español)
Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. - Cebiá
Morus alba L. - Amoreira
Morus nigra L. - Amoreira
Musa ornata Roxb. - French plantain
Musa rosacea Jacq. - Flowering rose banana
Pinus sp. L. - Pinus
Pinus caribaea Morelet - Caribbean pine
Pinus elliottii L. - Pinus (Versión en español)
Pinus taeda L. - Pinus (Versión en español)
Pittosporum undulatum Vent. - Orange pittosporum
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. - Thorny kiawe
Psidium guajava L. - Guava tree
Schizolobium parahyba (Vellozo) S. F. Blake.- Bacurubu
Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. - African-tulip-tree
Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC. - Black plum
Terminalia catappa L.- India almond
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth - Yellow bells
Bromeliad form
Furcraea foetida Vent. - Sisal
Herbs, including grasses
Ammi majus L. - Ammi
Andropogon gayanus Kunth. - Bluestem
Bambusa sp. Schreb. - Bamboo
Bambusa textilis McClure gracillis - Bambu-de-jardim
Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. - Common bamboo
Brachiaria sp. (Trin.) Griseb. - Braquiária (Versión en español)
Brachiaria arrecta Hack. ex T. Durand & Schinz) Stent. - Tanner grass
Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf. - Braquiárião
Brachiaria decumbens Stapf. - Braquiária
Brachiaria dictyoneura (Fig. & De Not.) Stapf. - Braquiária
Brachiaria humidicola (Rendle) Schweick. - Braquiária
Brachiaria mutica (Forsk.) Stapf. - Braquiária
Brachiaria ruziziensis R. Germ. & Evrard. - Braquiária
Brachiaria stolonifera Gooss. - Braquiária
Brachiaria subquadripara (Trin.) Hitchc. - Tanner grass
Cenchrus ciliaris L. - Buffel grass
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. - Centela
Chrysanthemum myconis L. - mal-me-quer
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. - Bull thistle
Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult. F.) Asch. & Graebn. - Pampas grass
Crocosmia crocosmiiflora (W. A. Nicholson) N.E.Br. - Tritônia
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. - Grama-seda
Cyperus rotundus L. - Tiririca
Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees - Weeping love grass
Eragrostis plana Nees - Love grass (Versión en español)
Hedychium coccineum Buch.-Ham., ex Sm. - Red ginger
Hedychium coronarium J. König. - White ginger
Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G. Don. - arrebenta-boi
Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf. - Jaraguagrass
Impatiens walleriana Hook. f. - Impatiens
Isotoma longiflora J. Presl. - Arrebenta-boi
Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv. - Molasses grass
Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f.) Ker Gawl. - Lilyturf
Panicum maximum Jacq. - Buffalo grass
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach - Elephant-grass
Rhynchelytrum repens (Willd.) C.E. Hubb. - Capim-gafanhoto
Senecio madagascariensis Poir.
Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. - Trapoeraba
Tradescantia zebrina Hort. Ex Loud - Lambari
Palms
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana H. Wendl. & Drude.- Bangalow palm
Elaeis guineensis Jacq. - African oil palm
Climbers
Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop - Asparagus
Cassytha filiformis L. - Cipó-de-chumbo
Lonicera japonica Thunb. ex Murray. - Japanese honeysuckle
Passiflora alata Dryander. - Maracujá
Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth. - Puerária
Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. - Chayote
Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims - Black-eye susan vine
Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb.- Tumbérgia-azul
Others
Agave sisalana Perr. - Sisal
Crotalaria juncea L. - Sunn hemp
Crotalaria spectabilis Roth - Showy crotalaria
Digitaria decumbens Stent. - Capim-pangola
Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke. - Morango-silvestre
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. - Canarana


Animals

Land invertebrates
Achatina fulica Bowdich - Giant African snail
Aedes aegypti Linnaeus - Mosquito-da-dengue
Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1895) - Mosquito-da-dengue
Agabifornius lentus Budde - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Anthidium manicatum Linnaeus - Wool carder bee
Apis mellifera Lepeletier - Abelha-africana
Arion silvaticus Lohmander - Forest arion
Arion subfuscus Draparnaud - Dusky arion
Armadillidium nasatum Budde-Lund. - Tatu-bolinha
Bradybaena similaris Ferussac - Asian trampsnail
Cordioniscus stebbingi Patience
Deroceras laeve Muller - Meadow slug
Deroceras reticulatum Muller - Gray field slug
Digitonthophagus gazella Fabr. - Rola-bosta
Eisenia fetida Savigny - Vermelha-da-califórnia
Eudrilus eugeniae Kinberg - Minhoca-gigante-africana
Haplophthalmus danicus Budde-Lund - Woodlouse
Helix aspersa Muller - Common snail
Lehmannia valentiana Ferussac - Threeband-garden- slug
Limax flavus Linnaeus - Giant garden slug
Limax maximus Linnaeus - Giant garden slug
Nagurus cristatus Dollfus
Niambia squamata Budde-Lund
Pheidole megacephala Fabricius - Big-headed-ant
Physella acuta Draparnaud
Porcellio dilatatus Brandt - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Porcellio laevis Latreille - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Porcellio scaber Latreille - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Porcellionides pruinosus Brandt - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Porcellionides sexfasciatus Koch - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Rumina decollata Linnaeus - Decollate snail
Trachelipus rathkei Brandt - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Tylus niveus Budde-Lund - Tatuzinho-de-jardim
Zonitoides arboreus Say - Quick gloss
Freshwater invertebrates
Bulinus tropicus Krauss - Molusco
Corbicula fluminea Muller - Berbigão
Corbicula largillierti Philippi - Berbigão
Limnoperna fortunei Dunker - Golden mussel
Macrobrachium rosenbergii De Man - Giant river prawn
Melanoides tuberculatus Muller
Procambarus clarkii Girard - Red swamp crawfish
Marine invertebrates -
Charybdis hellerii Milne Edwards - Siri
Isognomon bicolor C. B. Adams - Bicolor purse-oyster
Litopenaeus vannamei Boone - Whiteleg shrimp
Metapenaeus monoceros Fabricius - Speckled shrimp
Penaeus monodon Fabricius - Giant tiger prawn
Phyllorhiza punctata Von Lendenfeld - White-spotted jellyfish
Pseudodiaptomus trihamatus Wright - Copépodo
Rhithropanopeus harrisii Gould - Harris mud crab
Tubastraea coccinea Lesson
Tubastraea tagusensis Wells - Hard-coral
Fishes
Astronotus ocellatus Agassiz - Oscar
Betta splendens Regan - Siamese fighting fish
Carassius auratus (Linnaeus) auratus. - Goldfish
Cichla monoculus Spix and Agassiz - Tucunaré
Cichla ocellaris Schneider - Peacock-bass
Clarias gariepinus Scopoli - Walking fish
Colossoma macropomum Cuvier - Black-finned pacu
Ctenopharyngodon idellaValenciennes - Grass carp
Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus - Carp
Hoplosternum littorale Hancock - Hassar
Lepomis gibbosus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Pumpkinseed sunfish
Micropterus salmoides Lacepède - Black bass
Odontesthes bonariensis Valenciennes - Pejerrey
Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum - Rainbow trout
Oreochromis sp. - Tilapia
Oreochromis macrochir Boulenger macrochir - Longfin tilapia
Oreochromis mossambicus Peters - Mozamquibe tilapia
Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus niloticus - Nile tilapia
Pachyurus bonariensis Steindachner - Corvina de río
Plagioscion squamosissimus Heckel - south american silver croaker
Potamotrygon falkneri Castex & Maciel - Largespot-river-stingray
Potamotrygon motoro Müller and Henle - Freshwater-stingray
Pygocentrus nattereri Kner - Red pirana
Tilapia rendalli (Boulenger, 1897) - Tilápia
Trachelyopterus lucenai Bertoletti, Pezzi da Silva & Pereira - Porrudo
Trichogaster trichopterus Pallas - Three spot gourami
Amphibians
Rana catesbeiana Shawh - Bullfrog
Xenopus laevis Daudin - African-clawed-frog
Reptiles
Liolaemus lutzae - Lagartixa-de-areia
Trachemys dorbigni Duméril and Bibron - Tigre-d'água
Trachemys scripta Schoepff elegans Wied-Neuwied - Red-eared slider
Tupinambis merianae Linnaeus - Common tegu
Birds
Amazona aestiva Linnaeus - Amazona-de-fronte-azul
Columba livia J. F. Gmelin - Pombo-doméstico
Estrilda astrild Linnaeus - Common-waxbill
Passer domesticus Linnaeus - House-sparrow
Mammals
Bubalus bubalis Linnaeus. - Water buffalo
Callithrix jacchus Linnaeus - Mico-comum
Callithrix penicilata - Black-ear-tufted-marmoset
Canis familiaris Linnaeus - Domestic dog
Capra hircus Linnaeus - Coat
Cervus unicolor Kerr - Sambar
Felis catus Linnaeus - Domestic cat
Kerodon rupestris (Wied-Neuwied, 1820 - Mocó
Lepus europaeus Pallas - Brown hare
Mus musculus Linnaeus - House mouse
Nasua nasua Linnaeus - Quati
Rattus norvegicus Berkenhout - Norway rat
Rattus rattus Linnaeus - Black-rat
Sus scrofa Linnaeus - Feral pig